Everything you ever wanted to know about indigestion

Your overall health. If you have a condition such as diabetes, HIV, cancer, or heart disease, you may need to pay closer attention to certain symptoms and seek care sooner. Foods and beverages.

She might do blood tests and X-rays of your stomach or small intestine. She might also use a thin, flexible tube with a light and a camera to look closely at the inside of your stomach, a procedure called an upper endoscopy. Belching or passing gas (flatus) is natural and common. Excessive belching or flatus, accompanied by bloating, pain or distention, can occasionally interfere with daily activities or cause embarrassment. But these signs and symptoms usually don’t represent any serious underlying condition and are often decreased with simple lifestyle measures.

The starch in whole grains produces more gas than the starch in refined (purified) grains. Thus, more gas is formed after eating foods made with whole wheat flour than with refined wheat flour.

Burping, or belching, is the act of expelling gas from the stomach through the mouth. It usually occurs after the stomach has expanded due to too much swallowed air. Burping releases the air. Excessive belching, passing gas and bloating often resolve on their own or with simple changes. If these are the only symptoms you have, they rarely represent any serious underlying condition.

The distention of the stomach causes abdominal discomfort, and the belching expels the air and relieves the discomfort. The common reasons for swallowing large amounts of air (aerophagia) are gulping food or drink too rapidly, anxiety, and carbonated beverages. People are often unaware that they are swallowing air. “Burping” infants during bottle or breastfeeding is important in order to expel air in the stomach that has been swallowed with the formula or milk. Many of the symptoms of indigestion can be explained on the basis of reduced activity of the gastrointestinal muscles that results in slowed transport (transit) of food through the stomach and intestine.

Over time gluten may damage the lining of your small intestine, which can cause acid reflux, leading to excessive burping. Symptoms of indigestion can include feeling sick, pain at the top of the abdomen (dyspepsia) or behind the breastbone (heartburn) and lots of burping. Your indigestion may be caused by a condition called gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD).

The meal is returned promptly before it is mixed with acid, so the person suffers no heartburn. Vomiting seems an easy symptom to understand. It is the return of gastric contents including food and gastric acid from the stomach through the mouth. In the case of the disorders of gastrointestinal function, such as dyspepsia or non-cardiac chest pain, there is no structural abnormality and no diagnostic test. Hence, diagnosis of these disorders depends even more upon how the patient describes his or her symptoms.

  • Learn more about the potential causes with this article.
  • It may also help if you drink less alcohol, stop smoking and lose any excess weight.
  • Treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin, and treatment for type 2 diabetes are lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, getting exercise daily, and if necessary, diabetes medications.
  • Your GP will ask about your symptoms and whether anything makes them better or worse (such as alcohol, exercise or certain foods).
  • The most common normal cause of belching is excessive gas in the stomach that comes from swallowed air.

When

FYI, if you experience these symptoms of acid reflux at least twice a week but only mildly, or you have moderate to severe acid reflux at least once a week, you may have gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD), which basically means this reflux is a chronic issue for you. Normal belching does not require any treatment. However, if belching becomes excessive, you should contact a medical professional to explore possible conditions that may be causing the problem. Treatment will depend on the cause. Some medical conditions may also cause belching as a symptom.

Gas and burping may sometimes be embarrassing. Bloating, which is a feeling of fullness in the abdomen, can make you uncomfortable.

Alginates form a raft over your stomach contents. They may help to ease your symptoms if acid rises from your stomach into your oesophagus, causing heartburn. Simeticone is an antifoaming agent. It breaks down bubbles of gas in your digestive system to ease wind and bloating. It is important to note that belching is a normal part of human behavior and is needed to rid the stomach of excess gas that is swallowed when eating or produced during the process of digestion.

Check Your Symptoms

The determining factors probably are how much gas the body produces, how many fatty acids the body absorbs, and a person’s sensitivity to gas in the large intestine. Chronic symptoms caused by too much gas or by a serious disease are rare. Sometimes, eating food can cause the stomach to become irritated and uncomfortable.

The number that defines a “lot” of burping has not been determined. these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. For a patient with typical symptoms of dyspepsia who requires testing to exclude other diseases, a standard screening panel of blood tests would reasonably be included.

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