For Acid Reflux: An Innovative Alternative to Invasive Surgery

At 12 weeks, there was a mean excess weight loss of 39.6%. Mild to moderate abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting were encountered.

Revisional surgery, compared to primary repair, requires longer operative times (mean duration of reoperation was 177.4), is correlated with higher conversion rates to an open approach and has higher complication rates[47]. Patient satisfaction after revisional surgery is generally high (89%) with resolution of heartburn symptoms in almost 80% of patients and resolution of regurgitation in 85% of patients, 18 mo after surgery[48].

In this condition, stomach acids reflux or “back up” from the stomach into the esophagus. Heartburn is described as a harsh, burning sensation in the area in between your ribs or just below your neck. The feeling may radiate through the chest and into the throat and neck. Many adults in the United States experience this uncomfortable, burning sensation at least once a month. Other symptoms may also include vomiting or regurgitation, difficulty swallowing and chronic coughing or wheezing.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter, a muscular valve that separates the stomach from the esophagus. This valve normally prevents food in the stomach from regurgitating back up into the esophagus. Patients with GERD have a weakened sphincter that allows stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus.

Your doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube equipped with a light and camera (endoscope) down your throat, to examine the inside of your esophagus and stomach. Test results can often be normal when reflux is present, but an endoscopy may detect inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis) or other complications. An endoscopy can also be used to collect a sample of tissue (biopsy) to be tested for complications such as Barrett’s esophagus. An endoscopy procedure involves inserting a long, flexible tube (endoscope) down your throat and into your esophagus.

European surgeons, however, favor a partial fundoplication operation. Many prospective, randomized, controlled studies have evaluated both 360° and 270° fundoplication procedures and have shown similar short- and long-term efficacy[34,35]. Despite these findings, proponents of the Nissen fundoplication argue its superiority over the partial fundoplication.

It can lead to the development of Barrett’s epithelium, which confers a higher risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. During the procedure, a small, flexible band of magnetic titanium beads is implanted around the esophagus laparoscopically. When in place, the band supports a weak lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the muscle that opens and closes to allow food to enter and stay in the stomach. The magnetic attraction between the beads is strong enough to resist the gastric pressures that result in reflux, but is weak enough to allow for swallowing, belching or vomiting. Fundoplication.

These types of symptoms may often require daily medication, which can be a significant adverse impact on the patients’ quality of life[6]. Surgical treatment for GERD has previously been limited to cases with chronic complicated reflux and severe symptomatology not responding to medication. Today there is increased tendency worldwide to utilize surgery in the earlier stages of the disease [160]. This change in clinical practice is mainly due to advancements in surgical technique, the increased patient satisfaction by laparoscopy, and the increased awareness of the impairment in quality of life of patients who are not efficiently treated [161].

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