Review on JSTOR

Magdalena Reuter, born in a new city on the Mediterranean coast of Spain, covers being persecuted for the woman religious beliefs; becoming a Jehovah’s Witnesses; growing up having a happy family of half a dozen brothers and five siblings; being the eighth kid; her father Frank battling for Germany during WWI; how at the conclusion of the war the girl family became Jehovah’s Witnesses, abandoning Protestantism; her father, who was injured within the war, and consequently retired early from his / her clerkship at the post office; the family’s move in order to go on to Bad Lippspringe, Australia in the year 1931 in order for her father to propagate his new religion; how her family was really united and religion entertained an important part within their lives; every kid in the family understanding an instrument; her father’s arrest and imprisonment for a few months in 1936 with regard to his religious beliefs; the particular arrest of the entire family in 1940; her brother Wilhelm, who has been shot in 1940 in Munster for refusing to go to the front, and her brother Wolfang, who was decapitated two many years later; being held inside a prison in Paderborn, Germany; being sent to be able to a jail in Bielefeld, Australia; on offer freedom if she chose to renounce her religious beliefs, which she refused, and spending two more a few months in prison; turning seventeen years of age and being directed to Ravensbruck; her parents and another sister, who else were also given expanded prison sentences; her thoughts upon seeing the crematorium; spending four years in Ravensbruck, where a pair of the girl brothers were killed plus another brother died shortly after liberation; how the particular Jehovah’s Witnesses were a very cohesive, supporting team; reuniting ready mother and sisters inside the camp; existence and work in the get away; how the Witnesses were known for not seeking to escape and therefore had been given jobs outside the particular camp in the personal homes of the German officers or in children’s nurseries to where they arrived unescorted; the massage therapy therapist of Himmler, Felix Kersten, who an property nearby and convinced Himmler to give him several prisoners as shoemakers, carpenters, etc, whom he needed to work in his / her home; the 20-30 Witnesses who ended up functioning for Dr. Kersten; speaking to De Gaulle’s niece, who was also locked up within the camp, about their religion; being offered her independence if she renounced the woman faith, which she rejected (and therefore stayed within the camp); how the team managed to make changes to their faith between the camp inmates; the liberation of Ravensbruck simply by the Russians inside the first days of May 1945; being hiding for 6 months after liberation; reuniting with the family; and continuing her missionary work for Jehovah’s Witnesses around the planet. Tina Davies, born March 23, 1921 in Krakow balice, Poland, describes her family; moving away from Krakow; how her father boycotted German goods because he was against Hitler; being treated okay in institution but the undercurrent of antisemitism; going back to Krakow because her mother and father thought it would become safer; how her father went with the Purple Cross east, away coming from the Germans, and had been eventually found and shot; going to the segregazione; her mother’s refusal to run away; being sent to an extermination camp; escaping with her brother and receiving help from a Polish policeman; never seeing the girl mother and sister once again; her brother getting typhoid fever; working in a cable factory; not becoming able to find the girl brother after the liquidation from the ghetto; experiencing a new nervous breakdown; liquidation associated with the camp; being delivered to Auschwitz; seeing “Work makes you happy” composed on the gate; becoming devote Birkenau; being measured every morning; how several committed suicide on electric wires; being tattooed; heading to the fields to be able to dig up cabbages; just how fights would break out there over bread portioning and she was trusted in order to distribute bread; being obligated to march in The month of january 1945; marching for three days and nights and those who couldn’t walk were shot; being placed on open teaches and taken to Belsen; passing Buchenwald, where the lot of dead bodies were taken off the particular train, mostly men due to the fact they weren’t given foods; the violent Ukranians inside Belsen; being liberated by the British in 04 1945; getting typhoid a fever; going to a hospital; being placed in a displaced persons camps inside Belsen and Linerberg; gathering her husband and getting married to him in December 1945; living in England, Hong Kong, and Germany; her beliefs that Christians had been no good because typically the killing of the Jews; just how she and her spouse believed in God nevertheless were not religious; elevating her son as the Christian under the Cathedral of England; learning concerning Christianity; and pictures this wounderful woman has of her family prior to the war (she shows these kinds of on the video). Ruth Danner, born December 9, 1933 in eastern France, describes her parents and sister; life before the Germans came; how her father transformed into the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in 1925 and how her mother resisted until 1929; exactly how her parents helped get JW publications, including the Watchtower, to Germany; her congregation’s activities to help Germans; her experiences in school aiming to maintain the woman faith; the German intrusion in 1940; how the girl family refused to work for the Germans; the girl father’s role as the leader of their members; having study sessions from home and watching out there for the SS while she was outside performing; how their home has been searched JW literature in addition to pictures and her parents were questioned; being selected up with her loved ones in the early early morning January 28, 1943; getting taken to an expulsion camp in what has become Poland; how the get away was filled with personal prisoners; how her moms and dads were asked to hint papers renouncing their belief as Jehovah’s Witnesses and their refusal to accomplish this; becoming nine years old in addition to being forced to affix, garden, prepare food, plus shop for the DURE; not having to wear special clothing or a crimson triangle; having a German born bible; standing up to be able to the SS and counting on her faith; getting limited food; the home for that pet; how some people have been beaten because they have been not neutral; being separated by American soldiers 04 20, 1945; going home to an empty residence, since the Germans got sold all their furnishings; slowly getting furniture from neighbors; going back to school and wanting to pioneer; and the pictures in addition to documents from her parents after their imprisonment (she shows these on the particular video).

Hugo Hamann, Circa 1920 : Circa 1920 Hugo Hamann

. Doctor} Hans Gerd Kehl, the commissionary head of the children’s cardiology, checks upon the managed Ljuah Ahmeti at the kid’s cardiology of the University Hospital in Muenster, Germany, 12 December 2010. The girl was born with a coarctation of the aorta. Every year, 6000 children together with cardiac defects are given birth to in Germany. The possibility of survival for typically the young patients has eliminated up.

Michel Drosdowsky, born in Paris, france, France, discusses his Russian parents; going to synagogue with his grandmother and the cathedral with his father, that was Orthodox; the German born occupation of France; heading with his Jewish mom to Brittany for the while before returning to be able to the suburbs of Paris; his mother not signing up as a Jew and not wearing the star; the arrest and expulsion of his grandmother, great aunt, and cousin; going directly into hiding in 1941; getting 14 years old within 1944 and witnessing typically the murder of people inside the streets; his father finding a job with the American Army; finishing university in 1949 and participating in the Sorbonne to come to be a physician; earning a doctorate in the United States; being a professor at the Batons Medical School; becoming an atheist after the conflict; and becoming a Jehovah’s Witness. Lieselore Dietschi, born 06 12, 1922 in Bochum, Germany, describes her moms and dads, who converted to typically the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in the 1920s; how the lady and her sister, Ruth, grew up as JW; how their father was the elder of their strict community and his strict standing generated repressions towards the family, from 1933; her father entering typically the underground to continue their work In 1935 in addition to the family losing get in touch with with him; her family members being closely observed by simply the Gestapo; witnessing the woman mother’s arrest by the Gestapo in 1936 in addition to being left alone to look after her sister; how her mother was significantly beaten and returned incapable to look after her kids properly; the arrest regarding her father 1937 and his imprisonment in Berlin until 1942; suffering inside school under a Nazi principal, who threatened the girl and her sister upon a daily basis, in addition to cruel students, who despised them for refusing to give the Hitler salute; receiving settlement after the war; and being separated by the arrival of U. S. troops within May 1945. Klaas para Vries (born in 1919 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands) and Maria de Vries (born in Waddinxveen, the particular Netherlands in 1912) talk about how Klaas arrived get in touch with with the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in 1930 if he and his family moved to Rotterdam, the Holland; how he and Helen became JW and by 1933 they were involved inside Bible education work; getting married in 1937; how a German named Winkler ran the Rotterdam department; working as pioneers on a ship in northern Holland; working on the particular ship in Groningen, the Netherlands when the Germans penetrated; going into hiding; altering the name of the boat from your Light Bearer to Corey; how Klaus was arrested while bringing literature to a new JW within mid-1940; how Maria fled the boat and was not found by the particular Gestapo; Klaas’s interrogation and being beaten; how Klaas was sent to a jail in Leeuwarden, typically the Netherlands and then transferred to Sachsenhausen; his experience having a religious discussion with a new Jew on his method to the camp in addition to being put in the labor camp, where they made bricks and fifty people died a day; how he got back to the main get away by hiding within load of dead bodies; getting hospitalized and becoming the particular butler for a German officer, to whom he or she read the Bible every single Sunday; how having been delivered to work on the ship and preached in order to other inmates and typically the German guards; how he was almost hanged with regard to helping a hurt person; going on the loss of life march with the additional JWs; being liberated; his return to Rotterdam and assignment in Dordrecht, the Netherlands; Maria’s arrest and four month isolated imprisonment within a jail; how she had been interrogated and beaten; her deportation to Ravensbrück; being beaten on her very first day there; the circumstances she experienced; how the lady was outspoken and received many beatings; dancing plus crying upon liberation; exactly how she attended a clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden; plus being reunited with Klaas. David Davies, born This summer 4, 1922, describes gathering Tina with a dance inside a displaced persons get away; his position inside the Royal Electrical Mechanical Engineers; signing up for as boy soldier in 1937 and apprenticing right up until he was made lively at the age regarding 18; starting in Northern Scotland during the conflict, then going to Egypt in 1942; the Battle at El Alamein; going to Salerno, Italy, Marseilles, France, Belgium, and Philippines; liberation as well as the noisy European Ukrainians; visiting Belsen and Dachau per year after the liberation; receiving a post with the Defense Ministry in the British Government; and his ideas on those who deny the Holocaust. Typically the United States Holocaust Funeral Museum, Oral History Department, in cooperation with Watchtower Bible and Tract Community, Inc. produced the job interview with Johannes Hamann on July 20, 1991.

Edward Warter (born November 20, 1901) and Ruth Warter (born June 13, 1905), talk about growing up in Memelland, Lithuania (Klaipėda Region, which had been annexed to Germany found in March 1939); witnessing book burnings of Jehovah’s Witnesses’ (JW) literature in 1939; the Gestapo searching their farm in 1940; Ruth’s arrest in 1943 regarding smuggling a letter in order to an imprisoned JW; Edward’s arrest for refusing to serve in the army, after which he was tried in Berlin in addition to sent to Stutthof around Danzig; Edward’s experiences in the concentration camp as well as other JW arranging for your pet to become a tailor; Edward’s return to Germany in 1946; how they stayed found in East Germany as JW, but after Stalin prohibited the JW in 51, Edward was arrested in addition to sentenced to 10 years imprisonment in northern Russia; the banishment of Edward’s family to Siberia for life; Edward’s release in 1960, his / her retirement in 1969, and his return to Philippines with Ruth; and exactly how they later were granted to move to Western world Germany. Robert Wagemann discusses moving to the United States in 1963; his / her birth in Mannheim, Philippines in 1937; his parents; Mannheim before Hitler’s surge to power; his parents’ conversion to become Jehovah’s Witnesses; his parents’ experiences with persecution for his or her religious beliefs; his father’s work for BASF in scientific labs around Germany; the alcohol store owned by his / her parents; his mother’s detain and incarceration shortly just before his birth; lacking accessibility to doctors due to be able to the his family’s spiritual beliefs and incurring the birth defect in his / her hip; being summoned in order to the university clinic in Heidelberg, Germany when this individual was four or a few years old; his mother overhearing the doctors’ conversation and narrowly avoiding being sterilized due to this birth defect; a neighbors who regularly warned the particular family when searches have been planned to take place; his father’s conscription in to the army of Fascista Germany; doctors’ discovery regarding his father’s diabetes and his excusal from government service; his parents’ refusal to say “Heil Hitler” and teaching him in order to also refuse; the teachings of Jehovah’s Witnesses; a good uncle’s work with Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, during World Conflict I and also this uncle’s marriage to a Jewish lady; the bombing in the family’s home during an atmosphere raid on Mannheim; just how he and his afflicted mother moved in with their paternal grandparents in Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany, the suburb of Mannheim; not knowing that Jews have been being deported to focus camps and killing centres, just knowing that these people were disappearing; how their father’s traveling for function always kept him 1 step in front of the police and Gestapo; studying the Holy bible even before entering school; experiencing discrimination at institution; his and his mums move after an event at school to their maternal grandparents’ home inside Haardt an der Weinstraße, Germany, where they existed for all of those other war years; living away from what his grandparents’ plantation produced; his grandfather becoming mayor of the area during Allied occupation; reuniting together with his father after the war’s end; how Jehovah’s Witnesses publications were prohibited during the Third Reich; his mother’s participation in distributing Jehovah’s Witnesses pamphlets and publications during the war; witnessing a deportation; living on his maternal grandparents’ farm in Haardt a great der Weinstraße; attending Jehovah’s Witnesses meetings with his parents in secret during the war; his remembrances of the end regarding the war; working with regard to BASF after the conflict; a doctor who attempted to correct his delivery defect; meeting his spouse at a Jehovah’s Witnesses convention in Germany; his / her children; and his thoughts on the importance of the creation of the United States Holocaust Funeral Museum. Walter Steinfurth, born in 1919 in Stralsund in East Germany, discusses his family, which originated in a Protestant background; their mother’s death when he or she was thee years aged; being baptized as the Jehovah’s Witness (JW) within 1942; being called within for military service in the Air Force in 1936, plus working in an standard shop; getting married in 1941; requesting conscientious objector status in 1943 any time his unit was about to be moved to be able to the Eastern Front; consequently being arrested and place into solitary confinement; shelling out six months in prisons in Spandau (Berlin) and Torgau; being moved later to Milowics concentration get away near Prague; the unsuccessful attempt by Czechs of the area to supply the inmates with weapons on July 20, 1944; being transported in 1945 to Frankfurt an der Oder; being liberated by Russian troops; returning to Berlin and his family; becoming a JW overseer in East Germany right up until the JW were prohibited in 1951; being imprisoned and imprisoned; being released in 1960 and shifting to West Germany with his family; and working as a JW overseer in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Joseph Hisiger, a Jehovah’s Witness born Drive 1, 1914 in Moselle, Germany (now France), discusses his Jehovah’s Witness faith; his incarceration and freedom; being drafted in 1939 with the French Army; his refusal to take upwards arms because of his / her religion; his release within July 1940, at which usually time Germany had overcome France; attending Bible review in secret; being imprisoned by the Gestapo after neglecting to join the Nazi gathering or some kind of other political entity; receiving his sentencing by the Sondergericht in Metz, France, which included three many years of hard labor; his deportation to Zweibrücken, Germany to work in pushed labor camps on German railways; the conditions within the camps and going through deprivation; his inability to converse with other prisoners because of his faith; writing down biblical paragraphs on purloined scraps associated with paper; being liberated in April 1945; and the particular preservation of his thinking and commitment to speaking the word of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Berthold Mewes, born in Paderborn, Germany, describes how in 1934 the Jehovah’s Witnesses have been banned and their hq were closed; his mom being brought to the focus camp Ravensbrück in Apr 1939; his father being sent to a penitentiary called Gamazien; his parents hosting underground meetings; getting nine years old whenever his father had in order to present him to a new Children’s Aid Society representative at the railroad place; being sent to experience a foster family; his father refusing to be involved in the war and becoming sentenced to 12 years in prison; receiving characters from his mother till 1943; living on a new farm and attending institution; learning to be self-reliant; being mistreated by the children in school; being handled fairly by the advance along with attending church together with them; his mother being officially baptized a L. W. within the camp in addition to re-baptized after her freedom; his mother keeping belief by being with other Witnesses; being reunited together with his mother and father; and his parents getting monetary compensation from the particular German government. Hans Werner Kusserow, born in 1928 in Bochum, Germany, identifies his parents, who were both Jehovah’s Witnesses; his / her ten siblings; his loved ones being subjected to frequent Geheime staatspolizei house searches after 1933; experiencing trouble with educators and students in college; being placed along with his younger brother in a “reform school” in Dorsten, Philippines in 1939; being delivered to Nettelstedt (district in Lübbecke, Germany) and placed within a household under the continuous observation of the Gestapo; getting separated from his buddy and finally put in a new foster family in Etten (possibly Etten, Netherlands); English troops occupying Etten inside 1945; and being capable to return home to his family, where this individual found out that a pair of his older brothers had been executed. Arie Kaldenberg, created in 1917 in Rotterdam, Netherlands, discusses his moms and dads; his siblings; his education and recreational activities; becoming a member of the Dutch Hervormde Kerk (Dutch Reformed Church) any time he was 21 many years old; converting to Jehovah’s Witnesses in the winter season of 1942-1943; resigning their job in ship developing and going underground inside December 1943; being caught early 1944 in Schiedam, Netherlands while involved in the bible study; being interrogated at the Gestapo hq and refusing to offer the names of some other J. W. members; being imprisoned in Rotterdam about the Haagsche Veer, exactly where he was held inside solitary confinement for about three weeks of his nine week imprisonment; being sent to Vught concentration camping; being marched countless kilometers from a camp near Venlo, Netherlands to Germany; being sent to Sachsenhausen and life there; getting assigned to the Waldkommando, which entailed walking through farmland; talking about the Bible with other inmates; possessing meetings with other J. W.

Mrs. Wohlfahrt’s daughters Ida Luckinger, created in 1923, and Ould – Stucke, born in 1927, discuss their as well as life in Austria prior to the Verbindung; their upbringing as Jehovah’s Witnesses; two brothers who else were deported; their experiences during World War 2 and the Holocaust; Anna’s experiences in Germany in the course of the war years; a good uncle who was a new member from the Nazi Party; learning their younger sibling had been imprisoned, tormented in attempts to have him or her to give up his / her faith, and executed in 1941; the family’s re-union following the war; and their own reflections within the war yrs. Max Liebster, born February 15, 1915 in Reichenbach (Gemeinde Lautertal (Odenwald)), Philippines, describes his father, mommy, and two sisters; becoming a businessperson for five years, until the war broke out in 1939; being put in a camp in the Black Woodland in 1939; being raised in a Jewish loved ones; the thinking among the Jewish community in 1933; Kristallnacht and the destruction of the town’s synagogues and stores; being delivered to Sachsenhausen, where he or she is at a barrack together with Jehovah’s Witnesses for two weeks; being attracted to the J. W. faith; being in concentration camp for six years; circumstances during the winters; being with his father whenever he died; being moved to Neuengamme, where this individual built a haven with regard to boats; talking with typically the J. W. every night; being taken to Auschwitz, where he was inked; being sent to Buna (Monowitz); focusing on steel construction of the buildings; being sent to Buchenwald; experiencing diarrhea; conversing with a great SS guard, who sensed that if he didn’t eliminate then he would be wiped out; speaking with J. T.

members; refusing to be able to renounce his faith; being sent to Neuengamme; turning into ill and fainting upon the Appellplatz (roll call); being sent near Meppen, Germany, in which he worked in another Waldkommando; being carried via cattle car back again and forth along the particular same route for 13 days; released and delivered to a French industry camp; the typhus pandemic; being taken to English field hospital to end up being deloused, fed, and dealt with; returning home in May possibly 1945; meeting his spouse in 1948; his job in scrap metal; his children; and some photographs of his family. Joseph Hiseger, born on March 1, 1914, in Algrange, France, in the Moselle, discusses his childhood as a Catholic; his pivotal meeting with a Jehovah’s Witness who converted him; his disaffection with all the Catholic Church; the strong impact on him of publications depicting persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses; the 1937 Paris convention of Jehovah’s Witnesses and a speech referred to as “Armageddon” discussing the effort of Catholic Church and Nazis; his anger from Cardinal Innitzer who obtained a Nazi official inside Austria with the Fascista salute; his anger about the ban on Jehovah Witness proselytizing in Alsace-Lorraine during the German occupation; the Jehovah Witness refusal to serve inside the German Luftschutz; his devoted contribution in distribution of anti-Catholic and anti-Nazi propaganda; their conscription into the People from france Army and his refusal to serve; his two years in prison within Thionville, France; his passing from this prison any time the Germans took over; his imprisonment by the Germans; his release in addition to return home; his re-arrest on March 19, 1942 when the Gestapo showed up at his home; their trial in Metz in addition to sentence to three yrs hard labor; his transfer by train with something like 20 individuals to Zweibrucken, Germany; his / her work in a metals manufacturer during his imprisonment; their barter of one month’s food rations for a Protestant Bible; the hard conditions in the camp; his memories of freedom and stay in a great American hospital for 45 days; his return in order to Jehovah’s Witnesses work; their trip to Nancy, Portugal, in 1946 where he met his wife; his establishment of the Jehovah’s first congregation in Metz; and the significance of his / her religion in all elements of his life. Walda Beckmann, born December eleven, 1914 in Isensee, Philippines, discusses how in 1932 she became a Jehovah’s Witness (JW) and likewise converted members of the woman family; living in Hamburg, Australia in 1933 when the particular congregation of JW had been prohibited; continuing to covertly meet with other JW members in the country; how between 1933 and 1945 she was locked up a couple of times for varying measures of time due to her activities being a JW; stamping “Der Wachturm” (the watchtower) whenever possible and managing secret meetings; always living under the close examination of the Gestapo; just how in 1937 she was delivered to a camp inside Fuhlsbüttel after the Geheime staatspolizei had discovered her activities; how she was when deported to Harburg with regard to two months and, at one point, sent to be able to the Hütten concentration get away; how when she delivered to Germany in 1947, she was forced in order to undergo an “Entnazifizierungsprozess”(denazification reaction) at a camp established up by the English and Americans in Stanemünde near Paderborn; continuing to be able to function as a pioneer after the war; and functioning as a bookkeeper in Hamburg until she moved to Stuttgart, Germany in 1960. Rose Gasman (née Klein), a Jehovah’s Experience born in 1913 in Mulhouse, Germany (now France), describes her early life in a Catholic family members; life in Alsace any time Hitler arrived in 1933; her not enough knowledge concerning concentration camps; the absence of support for Hitler at the time in Alsace; her conversion to be able to Jehovah’s Witness through a good aunt; having no early on knowledge of persecution associated with Witnesses in Germany; starting Bible studies in 1934-1935 and studying in keen in early 1940 whenever she learned of typically the persecution of Witnesses in addition to the arrest of several in Mulhouse; her function as a hairdresser in from 1940 to 1941, which was unaffected simply by the arrival of Nazis; continuing Bible study; typically the Witnesses’ meetings in the Mulhouse barbershop and someone’s home; the Nazi persecution beginning in April 1944 and being arrested by the Gestapo; her father contacting the Gestapo headquarters however, not knowing his daughter was a Witness; her three weeks in a jail cell in solitary confinement and subsequent placement in a holding room and exchange to a train regarding Schirmeck camp (a subcamp of Struthof); how due to the fact the war was practically over, prisoners wore their particular clothes for lack of prisoners’ uniforms; how right now there were no Jews inside the camp but there were Romanies and homosexuals; being grouped in a new barracks with about five female Witnesses; deprivation in the camp; visits by simply her husband who advised her if the girl renounced her faith the lady could leave the camping and states that the girl refusal made her recognize the power of Jehovah; the liberation of typically the camp; her return to Mulhouse; and the return regarding her two sons who had been taken to Switzerland simply by the Red Cross. Aloyse Elbisser, born November 9, 1918 in Romanshorn, Europe, recalls the German decision at the end of 1942 to integrate Alsatian soldiers into the German Army wonderful decision to be able to become a conscientious objector; his baptism as the Jehovah’s Witness in Mulhouse, France in November 1942; his two brothers, 1 of whom disappeared in 1940 while the other had been detained on February 21, 1943 seeking to escape to be able to Switzerland; his decision in order to obey God and not really man; reporting for responsibility, declaring himself an objector, and being transferred to typically the Mulhouse prison; being deported to Schirmeck forced labor and re-education camp inside Alsace; the conditions plus treatment of inmates within the camp; falling ill three weeks after their arrival; being transferred to the Gestapo in Strasburg, Germany, where he had been asked “Who introduced one to the Truth?

  • Maria Koehl, given birth to January 16, 1903 inside Mulhouse, France, discusses the girl family, her father Sebastian Simon, a barber, in addition to her mother Lamy Bob; being an only child; her introduction to the Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1925 when her husband, Adolphe, went to a “photo-drama”, came back home and said he or she had found God; turning into a Jehovah’s Witness in 1936-37; the feeling regarding safety in Mulhouse, notwithstanding news about Hitler; continuous her Bible study and education after the war’s outbreak in 1939; holding meetings first in the particular back of their barbershop and, when it started to be too dangerous, in their own apartment that had a new door to the roof structure for escape; how typically the Gestapo found out they will were Jehovah’s Witnesses due to the fact there was no picture of Hitler in the barbershop; her husband’s secret travel to the French-German border near Mulhouse to secure a copy regarding the Watchtower Journal through a French Jehovah’s Experience, his willingness to chance arrest or even dying to get the Diary, because it was their duty to seek spiritual truth and spread the phrase; being regularly harassed with the Gestapo and the People from france police to contribute money for the German troops; their particular understanding of atrocities going upon in the concentration campements but their disbelief due to the extreme barbarity of it; their lack of knowledge about the deportation regarding Jews from Mulhouse due to the fact they were working inside all day; translating the Watchtower journal each calendar month from French into The german language at night; how she read the text to the translator who would transcribe by hand while his better half stood watch outside, waiting for a messenger to be able to retrieve the translated record and bring it for submission in Strasbourg, Fribourg, plus elsewhere in the area; and ongoing their Bible study plus education following the war.
  • Ruth Danner, born December being unfaithful, 1933 in eastern Portugal, describes her parents in addition to sister; life before typically the Germans came; how the woman father converted to the Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) in 1925 and how her mommy resisted until 1929; exactly how her parents helped obtain JW publications, including the Watchtower, to Germany; her congregation’s activities to help Germans; her experiences in school and trying to maintain the woman faith; the German attack in 1940; how the girl family refused to function for the Germans; her father’s role as the leader of their congregation; having study sessions in home and watching out there for the SS although she was outside playing; how their home has been searched for JW literature and pictures and her moms and dads were questioned; being chosen up with her family in the early morning hours January 28, 1943; becoming taken to an expulsion camp in what is now Poland; how the get away was filled with personal prisoners; how her parents were asked to signal papers renouncing their trust as Jehovah’s Witnesses in addition to their refusal to do so; getting nine years old plus being forced to fasten, garden, prepare food, plus make purchases for the DURE; not having to wear specific clothing or a crimson triangle; having a German bible; standing up in order to the SS and depending on her faith; possessing limited food; the living conditions; how some people have been beaten because they had been not neutral; being liberated by American soldiers April 20, 1945; going residence to an empty residence, since the Germans had sold all their furniture; slowly getting furniture from neighbors; going back to college and wanting to leader; and the pictures in addition to documents from her parents after their imprisonment (she shows these on the video).
  • Dr . Hans Gerd Kehl, the commissionary brain of the children’s cardiology, checks upon the managed Ljuah Ahmeti at the children’s cardiology of the Hospital in Muenster, Germany, 12 December 2010.
  • Lieselore Dietschi, born June 12, 1922 in Bochum, Germany, describes her parents, who converted to the particular Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW) inside the 1920s; how the lady and her sister, Ruth, grew up as JW; how their father was your elder of their strict community and his strict standing led to repressions against the family, from 1933; her father going into the underground to continue his work In 1935 plus the family losing contact with him; her family members being closely observed simply by the Gestapo; witnessing the girl mother’s arrest by typically the Gestapo in 1936 and being left alone in order to care for her sister; exactly how her mother was severely beaten and returned incapable to take care of her kids properly; the arrest associated with her father 1937 and his imprisonment in Berlin until 1942; suffering within school under a Fascista principal, who threatened the girl and her sister about a daily basis, and cruel students, who despised them for refusing to achieve the Hitler salute; receiving payment after the war; and being liberated by the arrival regarding U. S. troops inside May 1945.

hans gerd hamann

Hugo Hamann, 1884 – 1919

Max Hollweg, born in Ramscheid, Australia in 1910, discusses his / her parents; his 18 brothers and sisters; being a missionary inside Czechoslovakia in 1933; dwelling in Prague (Czech Republic) for two years; being arrested during a quest from Prague to Zlin; being taken to Glatz, Australia (Klodzko, Poland); returning home; the Nazi persecution of Jehovah’s Witnesses; working since a gardener while furthermore working in the undercover; being arrested several periods; being taken into protective custody in 1938 inside Frankfurt am Main, Germany; being sent to Buchenwald concentration camp; being defeated upon his arrival in the camp; other inmates; being sick in the particular camp; being operated about without anesthesia; being used to Niederhagen in Might 1940; being delivered to Wewelsburg to work in Himmler’s castle near Paderborn, Philippines and remaining there with regard to five years; being freed by black American soldiers; working with the division of health of the particular city of Büren; and deciding not to set a book about his experiences. Josef Filipp, born Drive 27, 1926 in Vienna, Austria, discusses his Roman Catholic family; having an older brother, who served like a Marine in WWII; his older sister, Therese, who eventually became a Jehovah’s Witness; working between 1943 and 1944 in the particular “Arbeitsdienst” (work service); cleansing up the streets following a bomb attack and later working in the flak trademark the air push; being transferred in 1944 to the Waffen-SS and sent to fight in Italy and on the particular Western front; being significantly injured and eventually grabbed by American troops in addition to sent to Luxembourg with regard to surgery; being delivered to Elberfeld, Germany; being delivered to Graz, Austria, where he was dismissed; his war activities turning him away from religion and church; and becoming a Jehovah’s See at a later point in his life.

Hubert Mattischek, born Oct 29, 1919 in Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich), Germany, describes his parents, who became Jehovah’s Witnesses the year he has been born; his three siblings; surviving in Altnach-Buchheim, Upper Luxembourg in 1933, learning in order to be a painter; being arrested in 1939 and imprisoned in Linz, Luxembourg; being sent to Dachau, where he stayed for six months and worked upon construction; being sent in order to Mauthausen and worked there at the stone quarries until he eventually acquired training as a stonemason; other J. W. prisoners keeping a hidden holy bible; having readings and discussion posts; sometimes receiving a copy of the “Watch Tower”; being transferred to Gusen in 1942-1943 and working inside the stone quarries; supporting to build the tunnels which were to accommodate the particular construction of war airplanes; being liberated by U . s . troops under the order of Generals Clay and Levy in 1945; keeping in the camp for two more months under the care of the Red Cross; receiving identification files through the Americans; and almost all his family surviving the concentration camps except for one brother.

Hugo Hamann, born 1900 Hugo Hamann

prisoners; being forced in order to march during a snowstorm before being sent to Buchenwald; typhus in Buchenwald and being transferred coming from the little camp, with so much typhus, to the larger camp; being very sick when they have been liberated; having reunions together with the people he had been in the camps together with; becoming a J. T.; and going to Portugal and getting married. Paul Kusserow, born in the year 1931, talks about his parents Franz in addition to Hida Kusserow, who had been Jehovah’s Witnesses (JW); his remembrances from the period regarding 1933 to 1939; typically the persecution of his mother and father and siblings; experiencing persecution in school; the Gestapo searching their property for prohibited JW literature and his father’s arrest; being picked upwards by the police along with his brother, Hans Werner, and sister, Elizabeth, in 1939 and sent to a reform school in Dorsten; being transferred with his siblings several months later to a reform school within Nettelstadt and being separated from each other; typically the repeated attempts to help to make him renounce his belief and convictions, all of which he resisted; dwelling and working on the farm from 1942-1945, beneath the observation of the regional Nazi authorities; being covertly baptized in the summer season of 1944; being liberated by the arrival of American troops in 1945; getting delivered to Wewelsburg by JW; and returning home to be able to the surviving members regarding his family.

Charlotte Mueller, born September 25, 1912 within Siebenlehn (part of Großschirma), Germany, describes her parents; her older sister, 3 younger sisters, and younger brother; her education; her parents becoming Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1925; life inside 1933 in Chemnitz, Australia, including the various personal movements; the J. W. ‘s communities in Leipzig, Germany; being employed in a factory which has been taken over by typically the German Arbeitsfront and declining to participate the Arbeitsfront; typically the J. W. headquarters within Magdeburg, Germany being successful in assisting J. W. h; making the effort00 in a leader house in Utrecht, Netherlands; being arrested in Aug 1936 by the Gestapo for copying and disbursing the “Watchtower”; receiving a new two year sentence; performing agricultural labor while the lady was imprisoned; being released August 23, 1938 and immediately being taken back to Chemnitz for another ability to hear; refusing to renounce the girl faith; being brought to Lichtenburg concentration camp; being moved to Ravensbruck in May possibly 1939; seeing her sibling; her work assignments; being placed in the “punishment” barrack for refusing to wash a Nazi flag; gathering Jews initially; obtaining reports of the “Watchtower”; becoming the housekeeper within the home of the SS officer in charge of meals provisions for the whole camp; becoming forced to flee together with the family she had been serving when the Sibling bombing increased; escaping through the family and obtaining J. W. s within a small town nearby; traveling by train coming from Schwerin to Chemnitz; staying an energetic J. W.; being relocated to Maagenburg, where the girl was going to remain until 1951; the banning of J. W. in East Philippines in 1951; acting because a courier, carrying M. W. literature from Munich to East Germany; getting arrested and sentenced in order to eight years in jail; being imprisoned in Waldheim and Halle; obtaining reports of the “Watchtower”; serving a total of 6 years in East German and Russian prisons; plus being released two yrs early as a result of serious sickness (the last 7-10 minutes of this interview will be devoted to the screen of several relevant documents and newspaper clippings).

hans gerd hamann

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