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The complications of functional diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are relatively limited. Since symptoms are most often provoked by eating, patients who alter their diets and reduce their intake of calories may lose weight.
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Stress and lack of sleep also can worsen symptoms. For those that suffer from heartburn or related indigestion, it’s generally known that high acid foods and spicy foods can trigger acid reflux. This includes a whole lot of tasty foods like garlic, sauces of all sorts, citrus, salt and vinegar chips, and to my great dismay, tomatoes.
However, many cases of indigestion are not caused by helicobacter, and in these cases eradication will not get rid of symptoms. This irritation can be painful and often causes a burning sensation. Indigestion may also be due to the lining of your digestive system being overly sensitive to acid, or the “stretching” caused by eating. It’s normal for your stomach to produce acid, but sometimes this acid can irritate the lining of your stomach, the top part of your bowel (duodenum) or your gullet (oesophagus).
Acid secretion is usually normal in patients with functional dyspepsia, except perhaps in a subset infected with H pylori. Ultrasonography will detect gall stones in a minority of patients with apparently unexplained dyspepsia. However, gall stones are common and often incidental in the absence of biliary symptoms. Biliary colic is characteristically severe, episodic, and constant (rather than colicky) pain in the epigastrium or right upper quadrant typically lasting one to several hours.
- If lifestyle changes don’t do the trick — or if acid-blocking medications fail or their effects fade after seven to ten days of treatment — your physician may order various tests to see if there’s a more serious problem at work.
- Some indigestion medicines contain antacids with alginates or simeticone.
- You should still discuss acid reflux with your doctor in order to get a proper diagnosis.
For instance, care must be taken not to confuse functional dyspepsia with other common disorders that may cause upper gastrointestinal distress, like heartburn, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), functional abdominal bloating, and functional biliary disorders. Nonulcer stomach pain is common and can be long lasting.
It can then spread up to your neck and jaw and make you breathless, faint and sweaty. Indigestion (confusingly called “heartburn”) typically starts in the upper abdomen and moves up behind your breastbone. It gets worse when you lie down or bend over because that causes stomach acid to reflux up into the oesophagus.
What can a person expect during the diagnosis and treatment of indigestion (prognosis)?
The valve between the esophagus and the stomach is designed to allow food and liquid to pass downward from the esophagus into the stomach as well as to prevent the backwash of acid into the esophagus. When we eat food, the stomach is stimulated to produce even greater amounts of stomach acid and to empty even faster. Our esophagus pushes food into the stomach, the stomach pushes stomach acid and partially digested food into the small intestine, the small intestine absorbs ours nutrients and pushes the non-absorbable material (fiber) into the colon and the colon pushes material to the rectum.
The causes of indigestion can differ widely from woman to women. For some, fizzy or caffeinated drinks may be the cause. For others, it is fruit juice or tomato-based sauces.