Treating Acid Reflux in Infants

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Avoid fried and fatty foods; they slow down the rate of the stomach promote and emptying reflux. In older children, diet can play more of a role. Large meals and acidic or spicy meals highly, as well as carbonated or caffeinated beverages, can lead to increased GER symptoms. In addition, GER is more common in children who are obese or overweight.

If your child has begun solid foods (usually recommended after 4 months of age and not sooner) rice cereal may help to reduce the amount an infant will regurgitate. Start with one teaspoon of rice cereal to each ounce of formula. If your baby is breastfed, . try pumping and adding rice cereal to the breast milk then. Even though the prone (on the stomach) sleeping position was recommended for babies with reflux in the past, . this is no recommended longer..

The largest randomized, controlled study to date in infants showed that for symptoms purported to be those of GERD, a PPI [proton pump inhibitor] was no better than placebo. In the case of infants, most reflux is buffered by frequent feeds and seldom is of acid pH, which seems to have been ignored by prescribers of medication largely. Elimination diet.

Burping regularly through each feed. By burping your baby frequently, you will keep the air that is gulped into the stomach during a feed to a minimum, reducing the volume of milk that may be vomited thereby. Feed your baby in an position upright. If you are breastfeeding you may need to experiment with positions to find the best one that will allow your baby to remain fairly upright during feeding.

A barium swallow (upper GI) is not so invasive (baby swallows a barium mixture, then an x-ray is taken) but is not really effective for diagnosing reflux in babies, . since most babies shall reflux when given barium. An upper GI will not identify whether baby’s stomach contents are higher in acid or if there has been any esophagus damage due to reflux, but it will show if there are any blockages or narrowing of the stomach valves that may be causing or aggravating the reflux. Additional tests may be recommended in certain circumstances (see the links below for additional information). In rare cases, when baby has very severe reflux that is not relieved by medication, . surgery might be recommended. However, . in some babies the valve between the oesophagus and stomach does not close properly..

Increasing the frequency of feedings while decreasing the amount at each feed will likely help. Breastfed babies may benefit from a noticeable change in the mother’s diet. Some studies have shown that babies benefit when mom restricts her intake of milk and eggs. Formula-fed infants may be helped by a noticeable change in formula.

This causes your baby to vomit. Sometimes acid or material can pass into the windpipe (trachea) and cause coughing or infection. Other times, the contents may only go part of the real way up the esophagus.

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Chronic acid reflux might be diagnosed as gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. The relationship is examined by This article between these three terms.

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