What is Diabetic Gastroparesis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Diabetic Hypoglycemia Causes

Gastroparesis is more common in people who have high, uncontrolled blood glucose levels over a long period of time. Extended periods of high glucose in the blood cause nerve damage throughout the body. Chronically high blood sugar levels also damage the blood vessels that supply the body’s nerves and organs with nutrition and oxygen, including the vagus nerve and digestive tract, both of which ultimately lead to gastroparesis.

Acid reflux happens when stomach acid backs up into the tube that connects the throat and stomach (the esophagus). Another name for acid reflux is gastroesophageal reflux.

Food then moves slowly from the stomach to the small intestine or stops moving altogether. This disorder is known as gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying. The delayed emptying of the stomach can increase your acid levels and cause GERD and heartburn. Type 2 diabetes is a very common known cause of gastroparesis. Generally, people who suffer from gastroparesis due to causes other than diabetes express their main symptoms as chronic nausea and vomiting.

What does your acid reflux have to do with diabetes?

… Second, the medications are not adequately shutting off the production of stomach acid. You may also experience dumping syndrome if you have certain medical conditions.

There is no cure for gastroparesis. It’s a chronic condition. However, it can be successfully managed with dietary changes, medications, and proper control of blood glucose.

Headaches can affect people with diabetes as a result of high or low blood sugar. Over-the-counter medications can help, but you should see a doctor if you have severe headaches that interfere with daily life. Good blood glucose management can help reduce the risk of headaches with diabetes. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases the right amount of insulin to move the glucose in blood into the cells. As glucose enters the cells, the blood sugar levels fall.

The more specific 6-hour glucose tolerance test can be used to chart changes in the patient’s blood sugar levels before ingestion of a special glucose drink and at regular intervals during the six hours following to see if an unusual rise or drop in blood glucose levels occurs. Doctors treat dumping syndrome by recommending changes to how and what you eat, medicines, and, in some cases, surgery. Many people with dumping syndrome have mild symptoms that improve over time with simple changes in eating and diet. Hypoglycemia also triggers the release of body hormones, such as epinephrine and norepinephrine. Your brain relies on these hormones to raise blood sugar levels.

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Treatment

Fletcher, Jenna. “What to know about diabetic gastroparesis.” Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 12 Apr. 2019. Web.

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